Glossary: The Most Common Spanish Words

This page lists the 175 most common Spanish words in alphabetical order with their definitions. A printable one-page version of this glossary can be downloaded here: spanishglossary.doc, 44kb or spanishglossary.pdf, 54kb

For ease of learning, the same words are grouped into grammatical categories at Vocabulary: The Most Common Spanish Words. A printable one-page list of these words in frequency order without their translations—"01-25: de, la, que, y, el, en, a, los, se, no, un, las, "—is also available on the vocabulary page.

For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.


a  to, at
además  besides, in addition
ahora  now
al  to the, at the
algo  something
algunos  some
antes  before, earlier
año  year
años  years
aquí  here
así  so, thus, like this,
like that
aunque  although, even though

bien  well
bueno  good

cada  each
casa  house
casi  almost
caso  case
como  as, like
cómo  how(?)
con  with
contra  against
cosas  things
creo  I believe
cuando  when

de  of, from, by
decir  to say
del  of the, from the, by the
desde  from, since
después  after, later
día  day
días  days
dice  says, say
dijo  said
donde  where
dos  two
durante  during, for (time)

e  and
ejemplo  example
el  the
él  he, him
ella  she, her
ellos  they, them
en  in, on, into

entonces  then
entre  between, among
era  was, were
es  is, are
esa  that
ese  that
eso  that
España  Spain
esta  this
está  is, are
estaba  was, were
estado  state
están  are
estas  these
este  this
esto  this
estos  these

forma  way
fue  was, were

general  general
gente  people
gobierno  government
gran  great, big

ha  has, have
había  there was, there were
hace  make(s), do(es)
hacer  to make, to do
hacia  toward
han  have
hasta  until
hay  there is, there are
he  I have
hecho  fact
hombre  man
hoy  today

la  the
las  the
le  (to) him, her, you
les  (to) them, you
lo  it, that
los  the
luego  then, later
lugar  place

más  more

mayor  bigger, older
me  (to) me
mejor  better
menos  less
mi  my
 me
mientras  while
mismo  same
momento  moment
mucho  much
mujer  woman
mundo  world
muy  very

nada  nothing
ni  nor, neither
no  no, not
nos  (to) us, ourselves
nosotros  we, us
nunca  never

o  or
otra  other, another
otras  other, others
otro  other, another
otros  other, others

país  country
para  in order to, for (ends)
parece  seems, seem
parte  part
pero  but
personas  people
poco  little (not much)
poder  to be able to
política  policy, politics
por  through, for (means), along, by
porque  because
primera  first
puede  can
pueden  can
pues  "well,"

que  that, who, which, than
qué  what(?)

se  himself, herself, itself,
yourself, yourselves, themselves
each other

sea  (might) be
según  according to
ser  to be
si  if
 yes
sido  been
siempre  always
sin  without
sino  but, except
sobre  about, above, on top of
solo (solamente)  only
son  are
su  his, her, its, your, their
sus  his, her, its, your, their

tal  such
también  also
tan  so
tanto  so much
te  (to) you
tener  to have
tenía  had
tiempo  time, weather
tiene  has, have
tienen  have
toda  all
todas  all, everyone
todo  all
todos  all, everyone
trabajo  work
tres  three
tu  your

un  a, an, one
una  a, an, one
uno  one
unos  some, a few
usted  you

va  go(es)
vamos  we go, we are going
veces  times
ver  to see
vez  time (una vez = once)
vida  life

y  and
ya  already, now, soon
yo  I


For more Spanish information and resources, see the Spanish Pronto! main page.


The following books are the best of their kind (see recommendations below):

The Collins Spanish Unabridged Dictionary is all the Spanish-English/English-Spanish dictionary you will ever need, but at over 6 pounds, it is quite heavy! (As a translator, I need lots of dictionaries, but this is still the best general bilingual dictionary for English and Spanish.)

English Grammar for Students of Spanish and The Big Red Book of Spanish Verbs are recommended for beginners.

Breaking Out of Beginner’s Spanish is for intermediate students.

The Ultimate Spanish Phrase Finder is great for intermediate or advanced students, and even for teachers and translators.

A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish and the Diccionario Clave—a monolingual Spanish dictionary with an example sentence for every definition—will be most helpful to advanced students and teachers (and virtually incomprehensible to meaningless for beginners).

Reviews for all of these helpful books (except The Big Red Book of Spanish Verbs) can be found at http://www.spanishpronto.com/spanishpronto/spanishtools.html#bibliography.


This page brought to you by this Spanish book available for purchase (click to open in a separate tab or window):

Trabalengüero
("Tongue-twister anthology")


These are the best books for learning and improving your Spanish. I have reviewed all but the verb book at http://spanishpronto.com/spanishpronto/spanishtools.html#bibliography. Purchasing from links on this site is an easy way to support, at no additional cost to you, this free, educational service. Thank you!


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URL:http://www.spanishpronto.com/spanishpronto/spanishglossary.html
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Revised -- 2014-09-23