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Many words in Spanish and English are similar, but similar words can have very different meanings, so be careful.
a (personal 'a'no English equivalent); to; at
del of the; from the [de + el = del]
al to the; at the [a + el = al]
se is/are ______-ed [passive voice]; yourself(formal)/himself/herself/itself/yourselves(formal)/themselves/each other [reflexive]
un a, an; one
una a, an; one
The Spanish "personal 'a'" is the use of the word 'a' (to)which is usually used with indirect objects (e.g., I send it to Bob [Lo envío a Bob.])but in front of specific direct objects that are human, or otherwise thought of as having a soul (animate).
veo el gato I see the cat
veo a Fluffy I see Fluffy
se hace así it is done like this (this is how you do it)
se habla español Spanish is spoken (here)
se llama David he calls himself David (i.e., his name is David)
se cree la última Coca-Cola del desierto he believes himself (to be) the last Coca-Cola in the desert (i.e., he thinks he's all that and a bag of chips; he has a very high opinion of himself)
"Un" is really just "uno" shortened for use immediately before a masculine noun (or "una" shortened for use immediately before a feminine noun beginning with a stressed 'a' or stressed 'ha' ['h' is silent]).
one (male) cat un gato (Never
one (female) cat una gata
some cats (at least one of which is male) unos gatos
some cats (all of them female) unas gatas
To count male cats (or cats of unknown gender): "uno, dos, tres…"
To count female cats: "una, dos, tres…"
© 2017-2018 Chris Marquardt, Spanish Pronto
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