Spanish VocabularyLearn 10 Spanish words per day and know 2,500 words after one year!
Many words in Spanish and English are similar, but similar words can have very different meanings, so be careful.
este/estos this/these; this one/these ones [to refer to 'masculine' things]
esta/estas this/these; this one/these ones [to refer to 'feminine' things]
esto this [to refer to 'neuter' things]
ese/esos that/those; that one/those ones [m.]
esa/esas that/those; that one/those ones [f.]
eso that [n.]
él/ellos he/they; it/they
ella/ellas she/they; it/they
usted/ustedes you(formal)/you all(formal)
Notice that all the words for 'this' or 'these' have a 't' in them, while the words for 'that' or 'those' do not.
'Esto' and 'eso' do not refer to things, but to what was said, to what has happened, or to some other abstract idea.
When using these, those, or they, use the feminine forms if every person (or thing) referred to is feminine, and the masculine forms if at least one person (or thing) referred to is male.
'Tú' is used to say 'you' when addressing a friend, a child, or someone you are close to. 'Usted' (and 'ustedes') is used to say 'you' (and 'you all') when addressing a superior, someone significantly older than you, or someone you are not close to.
There are many variations on this. In Costa Rica, parents address their small children as 'usted,' so they will learn to address everyone around themusually people older than thempolitely. Spaniards address each other as 'tú' immediately, but Mexicans tend to stick with 'usted' for a very, very long time.
este carro es mejor que esos this car is better than those ones
esto que dices tiene sentido what you say makes sense ("this that you say has sense")
¡eso! that's it!, that's how you do it!, just like that!, good job!
no quiere hablar de eso he does not want to talk about that
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