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Many words in Spanish and English are similar, but similar words can have very different meanings, so be careful.
lo the _____ thing; that; it/him/you(formal) [la that; it/her/you(formal), los those; them/you all(formal), las those; them/you all(formal)]
le/se (to/for) it/him/her/you(formal); le him/her/you(formal)
les/se (to/for) them/you all(formal); les them/you all(formal)
me me; (to/for) me; myself
como like, as
ha it has, he has, she has, you(formal) have (auxiliary verb)
han they have, you all(formal) have (auxiliary verb)
hay there is, there are
había there was, there were
Words pronunciation: 0:20 (20s)
'Le' and 'les' change to 'se' when they appear before lo, la, los, or las. I heard one Spanish teacher describe it as "You can’t 'le lo' (sounds like 'lay low' [i.e., hide from the law]) in Mexico," not just because of the extradition agreement between the U.S. and Mexico, but also because 'le lo' always becomes 'se lo' (and 'les lo' becomes 'se lo,' 'le(s) la' becomes 'se la,' etc., etc.).
'Le' and 'les' are often used instead of lo/la/los/las when addressing someone politely.
'Hay' and 'había' are used to describe the existence of somethingwhether it is one thing, or more than one thing.
lo interesante the interesting thing; what is interesting
lo que that which
las necesito I need them
le envié la postal I sent him/her/you(formal) the postcard ("to him/her/you(formal) I sent the postcard")
lese la envié I sent it to him/her/you(formal) ("to him/her/you(formal) it I sent")
necesito enviársela I need to send it to him/her/you(formal) ("I need to send to him/her/you(formal) it")
se la necesito enviar I need to send it to him/her/you(formal) ("to him/her/you(formal) it I need to send")
me han enviado los planes they have sent me the plans
me los han enviado they have sent them to me
¿le puedo ayudar? can I help you?
¿en qué le puedo servir? how can I help you? ("in what you I can serve")
en la cocina hay comida there is food in the kitchen
había cuatro gatos there were four cats (there was nobody at the party/concert/event)
Examples pronunciation: 0:39 (39s)
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