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Spanish Vocabulary

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Many words in Spanish and English are similar, but similar words can have very different meanings, so be careful.

Here are words 316 to 325 to know in Spanish:

quien(es)  he who, she who, (they who), (those who), whoever, whomever, who, whom

quién(es)  who?, whom?, who, whom

cómo  how?, how

aquí  here

allí  there

ahí  there; right there; por ahí  around there; por ahí de  approximately, something around

tal  such (tal, tales); tal vez  perhaps; ¿qué tal? how are you?, how is it going?

cual  like, as; which (cual, cuales); cuál(es)  which?

cualquier(a)  any, whichever

aquel  that _____ over there, those _____ over there; that one over there, those ones over there; that/those (aquel, aquellos, aquella, aquellas); aquello n.  that; that thing

Words pronunciation: 0:54 (54s)

"Quien(es)," without an accent, is used to mean "(someone) who." "Quién(es)," with an accent, is a question word, used to ask or express uncertainty about the person(s) intended (of a set of persons).

"Como," without an accent, is used to mean "like, as." "Cómo," with an accent, is a question word, used to ask or express uncertainty about the manner in which something is done.

'Aquí' is 'here,' 'allí' is 'there' (but not far away), and 'allá' is 'over there' (farther away). 'Ahí' is 'right there/around there' (a certain location, area, or range).

'Ahí' can be used when someone is scratching just the right spot (on your back, for example)

"Cual(es)," without an accent, is used to mean "like, as" in literary style ("como" is more common in everyday language) or "which" (in a pronominal sense, often expressed in Spanish as 'the which' [el cual, la cual, los cuales, las cuales, n. lo cual]).

"Cuál(es)," with an accent, is a question word, used to ask or express uncertainty about the person(s) or item(s) intended (of a set of persons or items) or to imply a choice among possibilities.

tal cual = as is, just the way it is

'Cualquier(a)' means 'whichever/any that you/one might want.' 'Cualquier' is used before a noun; 'cualquiera' is used after a noun.

'This/these, that/those, that/those over there' is expressed in Spanish as 'este, ese, aquel; esta, esa, aquella; estos, esos, aquellos; estas, esas, aquellas; n. esto, eso, aquello.' In texts written in 2010 and before, under the old rules, many of these words were sometimes written with an accent. To say 'this dog,' you would say 'este perro,' but to say 'this one,' you would say 'éste.' Nowadays, though, 'this one' would be written without the accent: 'este.'

The neuter forms 'esto,' 'eso,' and 'aquello' are used when discussing a preceding idea or sentence, or something abstract. 'This [i.e., this thing I just said] should be obvious.' ('Esto debe ser obvio.')

quien con perros se acuesta, con pulgas se levanta  he who lies down with dogs gets up with fleas

no se sabe aun quién va a ir  it is still not known who is going to go ('not it is known still…')

¿cómo me veo?  how do I look?

pónganme la mesa aquí, el armario allí y el piano allá  put the table here for me, the wardrobe there, and the piano over there

por ahí van los tiros  that's the general idea ('around there are going the gunshots')

tal fue su decepción que al fin decidió no ir  such was her disappointment that, in the end, she decided not to go

llevaba un sombrero, en el cual había puesto un clavel  he was wearing a hat, in which he had placed a carnation ('…in the which…')

me da igual; cualquier día estaría bien  it is all the same to me ('to me it gives the same'); any day would be fine

parecía un día cualquiera  it seemed like any (ordinary) day

en aquella época el correo llegaba por caballo  in those days the mail used to arrive by horse

Examples pronunciation: 0:53 (53s)

© 2017-2018 Chris Marquardt, Spanish Pronto

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Created -- 2017-12-13
Revised -- 2018-11-27