Spanish Vocabulary

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Many words in Spanish and English are similar, but similar words can have very different meanings, so be careful.

Here are words 326 to 335 to know in Spanish:

cuenta  count; account; restaurant check

nivel m.  level

millones m.  millions (millón, millones)

mil m.  thousand (mil, miles)

ciento (cien)  hundred

fin m.  end

tarde f.  late; afternoon, evening

varios  several (varios, varias)

mayoría  majority, most

único  only, unique (único, únicos, única, únicas)

Words pronunciation: 0:39 (39s)

'One million dollars' is 'un millón de dólares' ('one million [of] dollars'). No second 'i' in millón. 'Two-and-a-half million dollars' is written as either '2.5 [pronounced "dos punto cinco"] millones de dólares' or 'dos millones y medio de dólares.' In countries where '2,5' is used, the pronunciation would be "dos coma cinco."

'One hundred' on its own—and also before 'thousand' [mil], 'million' [millón], etc.—is 'cien.' When combined with other numbers, 'one hundred' is 'ciento.'

100  cien
101  ciento uno, ciento una, ciento un
102  ciento dos
123  ciento veintitrés
133  ciento treinta y tres
143  ciento cuarenta y tres

100  cien
200  doscientos, doscientas
300  trescientos, trescientas
400  cuatrocientos, cuatrocientas
500  quinientos, quinientas
600  seiscientos, seiscientas
700  setecientos, setecientas
800  ochocientos, ochocientas
900  novecientos, novecientas
999  novecientos noventa y nueve, novecientas noventa y nueve

100,000  cien mil
100,000,000  cien millones (de)

Numbers pronunciation: 0:52 (52s)

'Tarde' translates both as 'afternoon' and as 'evening.' Although in English, we might say 5:00 in the afternoon or 5:00 in the evening (5:00 being, roughly, the dividing line), in Spanish, 'tarde' is quite often used for times as late as 7:30ish. The dividing line can vary by country, and by the hour it usually gets dark ('noche'/'night').

'Único' sounds so much like the English 'unique,' that it can be difficult for English-speakers to accept that it also means 'only'; it does.

Whether a noun in Spanish is male or female can be difficult to tell. Usually, but not always, nouns ending with an '-o' will be masculine and nouns ending in an '-a' will be feminine. Some of the more well-known exceptions include 'la mano' ('the hand'), 'la modelo' ('the [female fashion/art] model'), 'el día' ('the day'), 'el problema' ('the problem'), 'el mapa' ('the map'), and 'el planeta' ('the planet').

Any noun ending in '-tad', '-dad', '-tud', or '-ción' will be feminine: 'la amistad' ('[the] friendship'), 'la felicidad' ('[the] happiness'), 'la virtud' ('[the] virtue'), 'la canción' ('the song').

The gender of nouns ending in consonants (i.e., not a, e, i, o, or u) or in '-e' can seem unpredictable. For these nouns, and for nouns ending in '-o' or '-a' that don't follow the "rule," I will indicate the gender for you, as I did above for 'el nivel,' 'los millones,' 'el fin,' and 'la tarde.' Where the gender is more predictable (as in 'la cuenta,' 'el cien(to),' 'la mayoría'), you can usually just assume it is the gender you would expect.

'Mayoría' is only used when describing the 'majority' of a group of things or persons. To say 'the majority of the money,' 'the majority of the time,' or some other expression involving more than 50% of a singular thing, 'majority' would be expressed as 'la mayor parte' ('the greater part').

¡cuenta regresiva!…tres, dos, uno, cero,…¡despegue!  countdown!…three, two, one, zero,…lift-off!

el monte Everest tiene una altura de 8848 metros sobre el nivel del mar  Mount Everest has a height of 8848 meters above sea level

la edad de la Tierra es de unos 4.54 millones de años  the age of the Earth is about 4.54 million years

el Quijote fue publicado en 1605 ('mil seiscientos cinco')  Don Quixote was published in 1605

saqué un cien en el examen  I got a hundred on the test

asistieron a la fiesta más de doscientas personas  more than two hundred people attended the party

la reunión es a las 6:00 ('seis') de la tarde  the meeting is at 6:00 in the evening

la Procuraduría baraja varias hipótesis  the prosecutor's office is considering (i.e., shuffling [as in cards]) several hypotheses

la mayoría de mis amigos pasaron la mayor parte del día en la playa  most of my friends spent most of the day on the beach

este cuadro es el único pintado por ella  this painting is the only one painted by her

Examples pronunciation: 1:10 (70s)

© 2017-2018 Chris Marquardt, Spanish Pronto

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Created -- 2017-12-17
Revised -- 2018-11-27