Spanish Vocabulary

Learn 10 Spanish words per day and know 2,500 words after one year!

Many words in Spanish and English are similar, but similar words can have very different meanings, so be careful.

Here are words 441 to 451 to know in Spanish:

atrás  towards the back (de atrás  rear, hind)

siglo  century

corto  short (corto, corta, cortos, cortas)

largo  long (largo, larga, largos, largas)

partir  f. to leave, to depart, to set out; to divide or break into two or more pieces  (a partir de  as of, starting, beginning on)

salir  to go out [to leave];  (salir con  to go out with [to date someone])

llegar to arrive, to succeed (in), to reach

anterior  previous, prior, anterior, earlier (anterior, anteriores)

actual  current, modern (actual, actuales)

posterior  later, after, posterior (posterior, posteriores)

Words pronunciation: 0:49 (49s)

'Atrás' is 'to(wards) the back/rear.' 'Detrás (de)' is 'in the back, behind'; the 'de' is included afterwards if you are mentioning the object something is behind.

In Spanish, 'the 21st century' (2001-2100) is 'el siglo XXI' or 'el s.XXI' ("el siglo veintiuno").

'Largo' means 'long.' To say 'large,' use 'gran' immediately before a noun and 'grande' elsewhere.

The Spanish 'actual' describes something that is happening now ('current,' 'modern,' 'present-day,' etc.). The English 'actual' describes something that is true ('verdadero,' 'de verdad'), precise ('exacto'), or real ('real').

en el asiento de atrás no caben los adultos  adults don't fit in the back seat

la casa fue construida hace cuatro siglos  the house was built four centuries ago

vistió una camisa a rayas de manga corta  he wore a striped shirt with short sleeves

conseguirlo le costó largas horas de trabajo  she had to put in ('it cost her') [many] long hours of work to achieve it

presiento que voy a llorar al partir  I have a feeling that I am going to cry when I leave ('on leaving') —Los Bukis

los caballeros salieron al encuentro del enemigo  the knights went out to meet the enemy [and fight them]

me dijo un arriero que no hay que llegar primero, ¡pero hay que saber llegar!  a mule driver told me that you don't need to arrive first, but you need to know how to arrive! —"El Rey," José Alfredo Jiménez

en años anteriores el hotel había sido un colegio  in earlier days ('years') the hotel had been a school

no parecían saber nada de la moda actual  they didn't appear to know anything about current fashions

las horas posteriores a la fiesta las pasaron cantando en el parque  they spent the hours after the party singing in the park ('the hours after the party, them they spent singing in the park')

Examples pronunciation: 0:57 (57s)

© 2017-2018 Chris Marquardt, Spanish Pronto

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Created -- 2018-07-04
Revised -- 2018-12-28